Breakthrough in Lithium-Metal Secondary Battery Market: Researchers Present an Approach that could help batteries be more stable and Effective

  • Analysis
  • 21-December-2021

Lithium metal batteries consist of a lithium metal anode with ten times the capacity of lithium-ion batteries' graphite anodes. As a result, lithium metal is required as an anode material to develop high-energy rechargeable batteries. It's critical to ensure high-energy-density lithium metal batteries have a long lifespan and fast charging capabilities if they're to be widely used as excellent power sources for electric vehicles. However, unfavourable electrolyte interactions with lithium metal anodes can lower power, which is still a barrier to reaching a longer battery lifespan.

A study has recently demonstrated that electrolyte additions extend the lifetime of lithium metal batteries and improve the battery's performance in terms of quick charging and discharging. The study may significantly impact the Lithium-Metal Secondary Battery Market. It hierarchizes the solid electrolyte interphase to create a dual-layer structure and demonstrates previously unheard lithium metal battery run times.

To increase the functionality of the dual-layer solid electrolyte interphase, the researchers used two electrolyte additions. They consisted of differing reduction and adsorption capabilities. Furthermore, the team established that the nickel-rich cathode's structural stability was achieved by creating a thin protective layer on the cathode.

The team devised a method to construct dual-layer solid electrolyte interphase. This helped them alleviate the instability associated with the lithium metal anode. This was done by utilizing the electrolyte additives with different electron accepting abilities and adsorption inclinations.

Researchers have suggested that this hierarchical structure of the solid electrolyte interphase on the lithium metal anode might be applied to lithium-alloy anodes, lithium storage structures, and anode-free technology. The idea would help meet market expectations for electrolyte technology,
The evidence showed that after 600 cycles, the lithium metal anodes and nickel-rich cathodes batteries had retained 80.9 percent of their initial capacity. Further, they had a high Coulombic efficiency of 99.94 percent. These exceptional achievements aided the development of protective dual-layer solid electrolyte interphase technology for lithium metal anodes.

Electrolyte additive technology will contribute to the advancement of anode-free secondary batteries as the stabilization of lithium metal anodes has finally been achieved. The researchers added that anode-free secondary battery technology is projected to be a significant changer in the secondary battery market.

The findings presented in the research reflect a new route for the creation of electrolyte additives to govern the unstable lithium metal anode-electrolyte interface. This is truly a breakthrough as it was the most challenging barrier to overcome in lithium metal battery research.

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